On top of that, many of them aren’t aware of the risk.
The study authors used data from the most recent National Roadside Survey (NRS), conducted in 2013-2014 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, to determine what proportion of drivers had been warned that the medication their doctor prescribed could impair their performance. Data were collected from randomly selected drivers at 60 different U.S. locations.
Drivers 16 and older were eligible to participate in the voluntary, anonymous survey about alcohol and drug use. Those who agreed to be surveyed were also asked to provide a breath sample to measure alcohol content and a saliva sample for drug testing.
The 2013-2014 NRS was the second to ask drivers about drug use but the first to ask whether the drug had been prescribed for them and, if so, whether they’d been warned that it could impair their driving. Those who reported taking a prescribed, potentially impairing medication within the previous two days were then asked if they had been warned that it could affect their driving.
These are the categories of potentially impairing prescription drugs covered by the survey and some examples of them:
- Antidepressants (Prozac, Zoloft, Wellbutrin).
- Methadone and buprenorphine (Subutex, Suboxone), opioids that are used in medication-assisted treatment of substance use disorders.
- Morphine or codeine, which are prescription opioids for pain.
- Other prescription opioids (OxyContin and Vicodin), also used to treat pain.
- Barbiturates (phenobarbital).
- Benzodiazepines, which are tranquilizers (Xanax and Valium).
- Muscle relaxants (Soma and Flexeril).
- Sleep aids (Ambien and Lunesta).
- ADHD medications (Ritalin, Aderall and Concerta).
- Other amphetamines (Benzadrine and Dexedrine).
- Prescription diet pills (Tenuate and phentermine).
Except for the last three types of drugs, the medications on this list could impair drivers by sedating them. Experimental studies have shown that certain tranquilizers have a substantially higher risk of impairment than alcohol and that opioids have a risk comparable to that of alcohol, the researchers write.
On the other hand, ADHD medications and other amphetamines as well as prescription diet pills are stimulants, which can influence attention, aggressiveness and risk-taking, the study authors write. You likely won’t fall asleep behind the wheel if you take a stimulant, but you could end up taking unnecessary risks while driving.
A total of 7,405 drivers answered the prescription drug questions on the NRS, and 19.7% of them reported taking a potentially impairing prescription drug within the previous two days. Of those who had, four out of five of them, or 78.2%, to be exact, said the drug had been prescribed for them, so there had been an opportunity for a physician or a pharmacist to talk about the risk of impaired driving.
Baldrick : It had a cunning plan.
> Drunkest city: Fort Collins, CO
> MSA adults binge or heavy drinking: 21.0% (top 25%)
> State adults binge or heavy drinking: 19.1% (15th highest)
> Alcohol related driving deaths: 30.6%
Home to Colorado State University, Fort Collins is a midsize college city located along the Cache La Poudre River in Colorado’s Front Range. College students drink more than nearly any other group. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, nearly 3 in 5 U.S. college students aged 18 to 22 drink alcohol. In the Fort Collins metro area, some 11.6% of the population are enrolled in college or graduate school — nearly the largest share in Colorado — and 21.0% of adults drink to excess or binge drink, the largest share in the state.
A Morganton man dressed in a Care Bear onesie was charged with driving while impaired Saturday after an officer spotted him driving his moped without its lights on, according to an arrest report.
Officer E.W. Connor with the Morganton Department of Public Safety was driving on West Union Street around 4 a.m. when he noticed the moped, driven by Keith William Hurley, 39, coming toward him in the opposite lane, the report said.
Connor noticed Hurley was wearing a black helmet and a light blue fleece onesie, “which was later determined to be a care bear costume,” the report said.
Hurley turned into the First Baptist Church parking lot on West Union Street after Connor turned around to stop him, the report said.
When Connor pulled into the parking lot and drove toward Hurley, he noticed him digging underneath the moped’s seat, the report said.
Connor asked why Hurley did not have his lights on, and he replied that he had a short, the report said. Hurley said he had a DOT-approved flashlight he was attaching to the front of his moped.
Connor noticed the onesie Hurley was wearing was a Grumpy Bear Care Bear costume, the report said. The costume was unzipped almost to his waist, and Hurley had glitter on his face and chest, the report said.
Hurley told Connor that he was coming from work at a downtown eatery, where he is a manager, the report said. Hurley told the officer his work was having a Halloween event, and that’s why he was dressed like a Care Bear.
Connor noticed alcohol on Hurley’s breath and that his eyes were red and glossy, the report said. Hurley said he had a couple of beers at a downtown bar and had been sitting at the bar to sober up, the report said.
Hurley also told Connor he thought he was sober enough to leave the bar and that he knew the lights didn’t work, the report said. He thought it was fine because he was “only a few blocks from home,” the report said. Google Maps, however, lists his home as being 3 miles away from the bar, the report said.
Hurley attempted field sobriety tests, but “performed poorly,” the report said.
Connor charged Hurley with driving while impaired, the report said.
“Was there something wrong with my driving,” Hurley asked, according to the report. “You saw I was driving fine.”
While at a local jail, Hurley refused to take a breath test, the report said. Hurley said that because his license already was suspended, he did not see a reason to consent to the test, the report said.
A search warrant was granted to Connor to get a sample of Hurley’s blood, the report said. Hurley said he would not consent to the blood draw either and that officers would have to “strap him down,” the report said.
“It is my body, and you have no right to take blood from me,” Hurley said, according to the report.
Officers explained that they had the right to take his blood because of the warrant, the report said.
“I’m not consenting to a sample, but I will not fight,” Hurley said, according to the report.
Connor transported Hurley to the magistrate’s office, where he was given a $1,000 bond, the report said. He was then placed in a local jail, the report said.
George Orwell : Because the government had fooled him into thinking that he was crossing the road of his own free will, when he was really only serving their interests.
Highway Patrol Troopers say that Whitney was observed driving a black Pontiac G6, on I-25, near milepost 184. Reports say that the Pontiac was observed going 90 mph, in a posted 80 mph zone.
Troopers say that they further observed the Pontiac fail to maintain it’s lane of travel while driving.
A stop was initiated and an arrest affidavit says that when the Pontiac pulled over it struck the curb, and the driver stopped the car with the vehicle’s front passenger tire parked on the curb.
Troopers contacted Whitney and note that they could smell an odor of marijuana and alcohol about the suspect’s person. Troopers also report seeing a black canister labeled “THC,” and a multi-colored glass pipe with suspected marijuana in the bowl. The affidavit says that both the canister and the pipe were in plain view on the passenger seat.
When questioned, Troopers say that Whitney admitted to having a gram of marijuana in the vehicle, and saying that his last drink had been a rum and cola, at a bar in Fort Collins, two hours before the stop. Whitney further advised that he worked at the bar.
Whitney was taken into custody, and a subsequent search of the vehicle yielded an open Bud Light bottle that was described as “cool to the touch,” found in between the passenger seat and center console. Further, Troopers report finding a six pack of Bud Light in the car, with two of the bottles removed.
In the trunk of the vehicle Troopers discovered approximately 1.2 pounds of suspected marijuana, divided up between four separately packaged vacuum sealed bags.
After a field sobriety test, Whitney was placed under arrest just after midnight.
During his initial appearance in Natrona County Circuit Court, Whitney was charged with Felony Possession of Marijuana and Driving While Under the Influence. Whitney’s bond was set at $10,000 cash or surety.
All of those cited or arrested are presumed innocent until convicted in a court of law. Charges are subject to change following official filings from the Natrona County District Attorney’s Office.
PLATTSBURGH — The only physician in Clinton County authorized to prescribe medical marijuana has been charged with driving while under the influence of drugs.
Dr. Richard D’Amico, 48, of Plattsburgh was arrested Friday, Nov. 10, and charged with driving while his ability was impaired by drugs, a misdemeanor, after a traffic stop on the downtown stretch of Margaret Street.
Plattsburgh City Police Lt. Bradley Kiroy said a plainclothes police officer reported to Plattsburgh City Police that he saw D’Amico park his car and get out and that he was visibly intoxicated.
When officers arrived around 9:54 p.m., D’Amico was pulling out of the parking space and heading north on Margaret Street.
They saw him swerve from his lane without using his turn signal, Kiroy said.
Police pulled D’Amico over and had a blood test performed.
“The results of the test have not been returned,” Kiroy said.
Besides the DWAI charge, D’Amico was ticketed for failure to keep right on a two-lane road and failure to use his turning signal.
He was held and then arraigned the next morning in Plattsburgh City Court before Judge Mark Rogers, then released on his own recognizance.
D’Amico could not be reached for comment Friday. His lawyer, Patrick McFarlin, said his client had no comment on the arrest.
D’Amico is due back in court on Thursday, Dec. 21.