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Free DUI rides for cops conceal boozing issues

Lake County law enforcement agencies have a problem, and it’s not giving badge brothers of other departments free passes when stopped for alleged DUIs. They have a drinking problem.

News-Sun reporter Emily Coleman detailed earlier this month how some police departments allegedly look the other way when police officers are pulled over and suspected of driving under the influence. We shouldn’t be surprised, because there always has been double standards when it comes to police enforcement. But the drinking should startle us and them.

There are written, legislated, enacted and codified police-power laws for citizens, and there’s the unwritten code of laws for those who serve and protect. We saw that when law enforcement in western Lake County beat the bushes looking for suspects in the 2015 death of Fox Lake Police Lt. Joe Gliniewicz.

His fellow officers were convinced he was murdered, and wouldn’t believe he would take his own life. Turned out he did to hide financial misdeeds, according to Lake County investigators.

That being said, cops have the distinction of seeing some of the worst behavior by some of the worst of our neighbors. For all the good they do, they bear a heavy burden, and they might have a beverage or two to relieve the strain.

That doesn’t excuse furnishing get-out-of-jail-free cards to those fellow officers they pull over. The News-Sun investigative piece pointed out Libertyville police gave a few Waukegan policemen the opportunity to call for a ride home after being stopped on suspicion of driving while drunk.

Certainly, others in Lake County departments have done the same for fellow cops. Most departments have fluid, unwritten policies when dealing with such cop stops.

Law enforcement types do a worthy tango when it comes to trying to explain why this happens — essentially saying citizens sometimes are allowed to do the same thing, leaving the actions to ticket or not to ticket for driving while impaired up to individual officers on the street.

If it were an Average Joe or Jane being caught in one of the DUI checkpoints held during holidays — for which police departments receive state and federal taxpayer-funded grants to deploy officers in order to get besotted motorists off the roads — the scenarios would be different.

Especially at, say, 3 a.m. — prime time to find intoxicated drivers on county roads — when the motorist has imbibed more than double the state’s .08 blood-alcohol level and then gotten behind the wheel.

Lake County Sheriff Mark Curran, who is running for re-election against Democrat John Idleburg, is one of the law enforcement officials who understands. “When we don’t police our own and we give passes to these people, we endanger the safety of all the other people on the road, and we lose credibility as an institution, as a profession,” the sheriff told reporter Coleman.

What he didn’t say was when off-duty cops drive while intoxicated, they also endanger themselves. Over the years, several police officers across Lake County have died following vehicle crashes involving high volumes of alcohol.

Of the incidents cited in The News-Sun story, none of the officers were referred to certified alcohol intervention programs. One of the patrolmen was required to complete an in-department “alcohol evaluation.”

Perhaps these situations are one-offs, like somebody having too much at the company Christmas party. A lone mistake is made and the driver pays for a good attorney, who usually suggests entering a rehab program with the aim to lessen the blow of losing one’s driving privileges.

But if there is a trend, departments can’t sweep it under the rug, internally protecting those who have boozing-and-driving problems by sending them home in the back of a ride-share service. It then becomes our problem.

Can You Get a DUI in a Self-Driving Car?

Cars that drive itself — it’s no longer fictitious. General Motors, Waymo, and Tesla are just some companies that already have prototypes of self-driving vehicles. It’s just a matter of time before they’re brought to market.

This raises the question of how it will affect DUI laws.

A driving under the influence (DUI) charge has a long-term impact.

It goes on your criminal record and the costly attorney fees and higher insurance rates can severely dent your finances. In theory, a self-driving car should eliminate DUIs. For now, though — hang on to your portable breathalyser. The day you can drink and drive without worrying about the consequences of a DUI hasn’t arrived yet. However — it may be a reality in the near future.

Can You Be Charged With a DUI in a Self-Driving Car?

While tech and auto companies focus on the mechanics of self-driving cars, governments and lawyers are questioning the legal implication. If the definition of a self-driving car means it operates without the intervention of a driver. Surely you cannot be charged with a DUI if you’re riding in a car — but not actually driving it.

The answer, however, isn’t that simple. Fully automated vehicles are not a reality yet. Therefore, in terms of the law, we are navigating unprecedented waters. There is no clear answer at this time.

How Does the Law Define a DUI?

In the United States, the term DUI is commonly used. However, some states use driving while impaired (DWI) — operating while intoxicated (OWI). Operating while visibly impaired (OWVI), and driving under the influence of intoxicants (DUII).

While the various terms differ slightly in meaning from state to state. In general, they refer to operating a vehicle while intoxicated or impaired by alcohol or drugs.

A DUI charge requires proof that the driver was in “actual physical control” of the vehicle. This includes steering, navigating, accelerating, decelerating, and stopping a vehicle that is in motion.

In a driverless car, an occupant is not doing any of those things.

However, don’t crack open the champagne just yet. It’s not as clear-cut as you think. DUI laws also take into account situations when a car is parked with a driver seated in it. If the car was running, and if the keys were in the ignition even if the car was not switched on.

This means it is possible for an intoxicated occupant of a self-driving car to be charged with a DUI. It also means that the law will have a harder time proving that a person in a self-driving car was in “actual physical control”.

Different Levels of Autonomous Vehicles.

Autonomous vehicles are not new. There are various levels of autonomous cars. Most cars today are semi-autonomous and still require a driver to operate it. Therefore, DUI laws apply to all semi-autonomous vehicles.

The debate around DUIs and self-driving cars arise in the case of fully automated vehicles.

Cars fall into six automation levels — starting at level zero (no automation). Gradually this will be increasing automation capabilities up to level five (full automation). Fully automated cars are not available yet. At this level, the car can drive itself. No human control, steering, brakes, or pedals are required.

A level five car can monitor the road.

These will maneuver and respond to road conditions — and park itself. In a fully automated car, all you’ll need to do is enter your destination and the car will do the rest. Tesla’s Autopilot takes intelligent automation further.

If you don’t tell the car where to go — it will look at your calendar and take you to your next appointment. It can also take you home if there’s nothing in your calendar.

How Are Other Countries Approaching This?

Australia is leading the way on amending driving laws to support automated vehicles. The issue of self-driving cars and DUIs is being hotly debated. The outcome may influence drink-driving laws in other countries.

The National Transport Commission (NTC) in Australia is pushing for DUI legislation to exclude drivers of automated cars. They say drink-driving laws should not apply to a person in a dedicated automated vehicle — as they are not operating the vehicle.

The NTC also argue that allowing a person who has consumed too much alcohol to use an automated vehicle can improve road safety.

As such — it will reduce drunk driving accidents and make the roads safer. They make a good point. It’s much safer for intoxicated people drive home in an automated car than to drive themselves. There’s also no need to call a taxi or Uber when your car can safely transport you home.

The predictions.

It is predicted that fully automated driverless cars will be on the road within the next 10 years. Lawmakers need to prepare for the day they make their arrival. It will also influence other laws, such as seat belt use, having open containers of alcohol in cars. In a world of driverless cars — will we even need a driver’s license? And what will happen to motorcycles?

Man, who drove wife to police station for help during fight, arrested for OWI

A 57-year-old La Crosse man who drove his wife to the police station in search of officers’ help to extricate her from the car ended up in the slammer on an allegation of driving under the influence and two other counts.

The man and his 54-year-old wife were having an argument Friday afternoon when she refused his demand that she get out of the car, according to a police report.

So he drove to La Crosse City Hall, where the police department is located, and asked police to help him get her out of the vehicle, the report said. She told police she didn’t want to because she was afraid he would throw away some belongings she had in the back seat.

The man told police he was trying to get away from her because she was “running her … mouth,” and he was tired of it.

Officers determined that no police action was necessary in the verbal fracas, but one noticed that the man exhibited signs of impairment, a notion he initially rebuffed, according to the report.

The man had trouble following directions for a walking sobriety test, and officers discovered an open container of an intoxicating beverage and drug paraphernalia in the car.

After being arrested, the man became belligerent, and, at one point, said, “Just take me to the … jail.”

Officers granted him that request and took him to the nearby La Crosse County Jail, where he continued to be combative, verbally and physically.

The man’s parting words to an officer leaving the jail were: “I called you!” “I called you.”

He faces charges of operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated, having an open container of an alcoholic beverage in a car and possession of drug paraphernalia.


Driver hit, killed while checking his tires

A Washington man who pulled over to the shoulder of Highway 86 near Baker City Friday evening to check his tires was hit and killed by a vehicle that crossed the fog line.

Dennis Tim Cheney, 59, of Walla Walla, died at the scene just east of Interstate 84, according to Oregon State Police.

The driver of the vehicle that hit Cheney, Adrienne Marie Larsen, 32, of Boise, was charged with driving under the influence of intoxicants, first- and second-degree manslaughter, reckless endangerment and criminally negligent homicide.

Larsen is in the Baker County Jail. Her bail was set at $252,500.

The accident happened about 5:12 p.m., after Cheney parked his 1998 Dodge pickup truck and flatbed trailer on the westbound shoulder of Highway 86 to check the air pressure in his trailer tires, according to Oregon State Police.

Larsen, who was driving westbound in a 2016 Jeep SUV, crossed the fog line and hit Cheney.

Larsen was not hurt.

Highway 86, which leads east to the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center, Richland, Halfway and Hells Canyon, was closed for about four hours.

State Police were assisted by the Oregon Department of Transportation, Baker County Sheriff’s Office, Baker City Fire Department, Baker Rural Fire Protection District, and the Baker County District Attorney’s Office.

Man charged after reportedly driving wrong-way expressway during late-night police pursuit

David Lee Sack

A Tulsa man is accused of fleeing police into oncoming traffic on the Broken Arrow Expressway during a chase on Oct. 10.

David Lee Sack, 34, was charged Wednesday with endangering others while eluding a police officer, driving under the influence of drugs, unlawful possession of Xanax, possession of marijuana and driving with a suspended license. Sack remains held in the Tulsa County jail.


About 10:30 p.m. Oct. 10, police attempted to pull over Sack in his 2011 Ford Taurus near 21st Street and Sheridan Road, according to a media release.

Sack did not stop and fled toward the Broken Arrow Expressway and reportedly entered the highway going the wrong direction. A police supervisor terminated the pursuit before chasing him on the freewa

Shortly after the pursuit was terminated, a caller reported Sack’s vehicle abandoned in the 5900 block of East 30th Street.

At 12:30 a.m., a caller in the area told police a “strange male” was sitting on the front porch and refusing to leave.

Data Show Car Crash Numbers Up in States with Legalized Recreational Marijuana

GREENE COUNTY, Va. (WVIR) –New data from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety in Greene County show that the number of crashes in states that have legalized recreational marijuana are up compared to their neighboring states.

Researchers say impairment by alcohol has always been an issue, but there’s growing concern when it comes to prescription drugs and marijuana.

The research center says more than 10,000 people are killed annually due to impaired driving.

This test crash took center stage as dozens of people gathered in Ruckersville for the Impaired Driving Summit.

“I look at this as another opportunity to reengage our country about the dangers and hazards of driving under the influence of all types of drugs,” Robert Ticer, the chief of police in Loveland, Colorado, said.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) says crashes have risen in some of the first states that legalized recreational marijuana.

“We looked at both our insurance collision claim frequencies as well as police crash reports in those states where they have legalized the recreational use of marijuana, and what we’re seeing is about a 6 percent increase in collision claim frequencies in those states,” David Harkey, the president of the IIHS and Highway Loss Data Institute, said.

Researchers say that’s compared to neighboring states where recreational marijuana use is not legal.

“These studies do indicate that legalization of all uses of marijuana can impact road safety, so we would encourage states that are considering legalization of recreational marijuana to consider the impact it could have on highway safety,” Kay Wakeman, who conducts research analysis for the Highway Loss Data Institute, said.

Driving under the influence of marijuana is illegal in all 50 states, including D.C., but determining if someone is impaired by it can be tricky.

“It’s very challenging – we know very well how to measure blood alcohol concentrations, we know how to take those numbers and turn them into laws, such as the .08 laws that we have for legal limits with regards to alcohol, we’re not at the same level of knowledge with respect to marijuana,” Harkey said.

The institute says there’s still a lot to learn when it comes to the effects of THC on the human body.

Law enforcement says regardless if a person has consumed alcohol or drugs, they’re all dangerous and can affect a person’s ability to drive safely.

Mayoral candidate arrested on suspicion of DUI

LAWRENCE, KS (KCTV/AP) — Kansas City councilman and mayoral candidate Quinton Lucas was arrested on suspicion of driving under the influence in downtown Lawrence, according to jail records.

Lucas, 34, of Kansas City, was booked into the Douglas County Jail early Friday morning near Eighth and New Hampshire streets, jail records state.

He was released on bond and ordered to appear in municipal court in November on the misdemeanor charge.

Lucas told The Lawrence Journal-World he had been drinking and decided he shouldn’t drive back to Kansas City. But he says he never moved his vehicle from the public spot where it was parked and “dozed off” in his car.

He says plans to contest the DUI charge.

Lawrence police said they responded to a call about an unconscious driver downtown around 11:30 p.m. They found Lucas inside his vehicle parked on the street and arrested him after questioning, because they thought he was under the influence.

Lucas issued the following statement on Facebook on Friday:

“Last night there was an incident in which I made the responsible choice not to drink and drive.

Last evening, I attended a university event and a post event gathering. I consumed alcohol. At 10:45pm, I decided to leave. When I got to my car I decided that I was not prepared to safely drive home to Kansas City. I decided to behave responsibly and wait in my car until it was safe to drive. Apparently, while waiting, I dozed off. I never moved or attempted to drive my car.

The car was legally parked in a metered parking spot. I never moved my car, never shifted a gear, never released my parking break, and never attempted to move the car in any manner.

After I had drinks last evening, I chose not to drive.

Around 11:30pm, a policeman approached my car and apparently found my behavior suspicious. Here is what I do know, I have the utmost respect for the men and women of the Lawrence Police Department and the policeman involved. He was courteous throughout, as was I. What I also know is that in making the critical decision not to drive last evening, I behaved responsibly.

I look forward to resolving this issue and explaining the responsible choice I made not to drive under the influence.”

A source told KCTV5 News that the event he was at a social event for the law school at the Jayhawk Club.

Lucas would not comment about the arrest on camera and his statement does not say whether his keys were in the ignition. He did say that he looks forward to resolving the issue.

As of 5 p.m. on Friday, he had not been officially charged with a crime.

Lucas is a law lecturer at the University of Kansas, where he had previously been an associated professor. He was elected to the Kansas City council in 2015.

He announced over the summer that he was running for mayor of Kansas City in 2019.

Drunk Driver Pees Pants, Faces Truck Seizure: Complaint

Drunk Driver Pees Pants, Faces Truck Seizure: Complaint
JOLIET, IL – A 61-year-old repeat drunk driver who authorities say pee’d his pants while driving home drunk and now faces a vehicle forfeiture complaint filed by the Will County State’s Attorney’s Office. State’s attorneys have asked a judge to declare Antonio M. Perez’s 2002 Ford F 150 truck as a forfeited asset.

Perez was arrested on Sept. 14 by the Will County Sheriff’s Police after he drove westbound on I-80 near Richards Street.

Court documents indicate the Joliet man who lives in the 1000 block of North Broadway Street has two prior drunken driving convictions on his record.

Here’s what led to his arrest last month in Joliet:

“Upon entering the curve on the Center Street off ramp, the vehicle crossed the fog line several times, once nearly striking the guardrail,” the forfeiture complaint states.

Perez also nearly struck a parked car near Marion Street and that’s where the sheriff’s deputy pulled him over. The complaint states Perez “had red and glassy eyes, his speech was slurred, droopy eyelids, poor manual dexterity and his movement was very slow and lethargic.”

Perez told the Will County deputy that he had gotten off work in Chicago and “went to a restaurant with his boss and had consumed two beers,” the complaint states.

When Perez was asked to step outside, his truck started to roll forward because it “was not in park. Perez was able to get the vehicle into park and turn the engine off,” court documents show.

Then, the sheriff’s deputy made a stunning observation as he looked down at Perez’s pants.

“Perez’s pants zipper was down and there was a dark, wet stain down the front of his pants to the bottom of the legs and that it appeared that Perez had urinated on himself,” court papers state.

Perez was asked if he was willing to consent to taking field sobriety tests.

“I’m good to get home,” he responded, according to court records. “I don’t take no tests.”

Eventually, “Perez then admitted to taking maybe three beers,” the complaint states, noting that Perez declined a chance to take any field sobriety tests.

But as the sheriff’s deputy tried to put Perez into handcuffs, the deputy realized he needed backup help.

“Give me the Taser!” Perez begged the deputy, the complaint states.

“Perez at one point attempted to grab Deputy Schwartz’s duty belt, however, Deputy Schwartz was able to pin Perez’s hands to the ground with his hands and placed his knees on his upper arm/shoulder area,” court papers show.

Eventually, sheriff’s deputy Kelly arrived with the K-9 dog to help with the arrest.

“Antonio Perez was placed under arrest for aggravated driving under the influence of alcohol,” court papers note.

A forfeiture hearing on whether Perez should lose his truck is set for December.

Cardiologist is accused of killing motorcyclist, 31, while driving his Mercedes drunk, before fleeing police on foot

  • Dr. Bryan Frank Perry, with the Oklahoma Heart Hospital, is said to have hit 31-year-old Nicholas Rappa around 1.30am on 1-35 in Edmond, Oklahoma 
  • ‘The Mercedes driver ran into the rear of the motorcycle rider,’ Oklahoma Highway Patrol Captain Paul Timmons said 
  • Perry then was said to have jumped out the vehicle, running until he was stopped by officers 
  • Perry is being charged with first-degree manslaughter, DUI and various other charges
  • The cardiologist has a slew of other speeding violations that have occurred in both Canada and Oklahoma

An Oklahoma cardiologist was allegedly drunk when he hit and killed a motorcyclist early on Friday morning, before fleeing the scene in both his car and on foot.

Dr. Bryan Frank Perry, with the Oklahoma Heart Hospital, is said to have hit 31-year-old Nicholas Rappa around 1.30am on 1-35 in Edmond, Oklahoma.

‘The Mercedes driver ran into the rear of the motorcycle rider,’ Oklahoma Highway Patrol Captain Paul Timmons said to KFOR.

Dr. Bryan Frank Perry, with the Oklahoma Heart Hospital, (pictured) is said to have hit 31-year-old Nicholas Rappa around 1.30am on 1-35 in Edmond, Oklahoma
Dr. Bryan Frank Perry, with the Oklahoma Heart Hospital, is said to have hit 31-year-old Nicholas Rappa (pictured) around 1.30am on 1-35 in Edmond, Oklahoma

Dr. Bryan Frank Perry, with the Oklahoma Heart Hospital, (left) is said to have hit 31-year-old Nicholas Rappa (right) around 1.30am on 1-35 in Edmond, Oklahoma

'The Mercedes driver ran into the rear of the motorcycle rider,' Oklahoma Highway Patrol Captain Paul Timmons said

‘The Mercedes driver ran into the rear of the motorcycle rider,’ Oklahoma Highway Patrol Captain Paul Timmons said

‘The driver of the Mercedes continue on northbound, ran off the road on the east side of the interstate where he struck a light pole, which caused he vehicle to become disabled.’

Perry then was said to have jumped out the vehicle, running until he was stopped by officers.

It is believed that the man was drinking.

‘There were strong indicators of that. A field sobriety tests were given, some other information and evidence that was located at the scene of the crash,’ Timmons added.

Perry then was said to have jumped out the vehicle, running until he was stopped by officers

Perry then was said to have jumped out the vehicle, running until he was stopped by officers

Perry is being charged with first-degree manslaughter, DUI and various other charges.

Officials are investigating the accident but are seeking the public’s help in learning about the doctor.

Perry is being charged with first-degree manslaughter, DUI and various other charges. The cardiologist has a slew of other speeding violations that have occurred in both Canada and Oklahoma 

Perry is being charged with first-degree manslaughter, DUI and various other charges. The cardiologist has a slew of other speeding violations that have occurred in both Canada and Oklahoma

‘Anybody that spend time with him that day, that evening people that know, people that may have seen that vehicle on the interstate prior to this accident or even after the accident,’ said Timmons.

The hospital where Perry worked, released a statement offering their condolences for the family but asserted that they had doctors ready to meet with his patients.

‘Everyone at Oklahoma Heart Hospital extends our deepest sympathy to all loved ones of the motorcyclist killed in the accident involving Dr. Bryan Perry,’ the hospital said in a statement.

‘In this time of shock, we assure the public that all patient care in which Dr. Perry was participating is being managed by other providers. We extend our thoughts, prayers and profound regret to all involved in this tragedy.’

Perry has six other speeding violations from 2005 to 2016, including some in Canada.

The doctor had a reckless driving arrest in 2012 after he allegedly hit a trooper.

At the time of the incident, court documents say that Perry was ‘extremely unsteady on his feet, had a very strong odor of alcohol about his breath and person and had extremely slurred speech.’

Man convicted of manslaughter while driving drunk, despite lawyer’s claim he was too drunk to commit manslaughter

SPRINGFIELD — A judge on Tuesday found Ryan Pezzini of Westfield guilty of involuntary manslaughter while operating under the influence of alcohol.

His lawyer spent most of the trial trying to prove how incredibly drunk Pezzini was at the time of the crash. Pezzini’s blood alcohol content was almost four times the legal limit.

Pezzini, 27, was convicted for the death of 68-year-old David Matyseck, whose truck Pezzini collided with on Nov. 8, 2016, in Westfield.

The minimum mandatory sentence for the crime is five years in state prison, but the sentence can be up to 20 years. Hampden Superior Court Judge Mark D. Mason set sentencing for Oct. 30 at 9 a.m.

Trial date postponed in Westfield fatal crash

Matyseck left his wife of 43 years, two children and four grandsons, as well as other relatives. One side of the large courtroom was filled with about 30 family members and friends of Matyseck.

About a dozen family members and friends of Pezzini were on the other side of the aisle in the jury-waived trial that lasted all day Tuesday.

Pezzini has been free while awaiting trial, with conditions including that he not drive, obey a curfew between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m., and refrain from alcohol use. He was handcuffed and taken into custody Tuesday when Mason revoked his bail.

Defense lawyer Michael O. Jennings said if Pezzini had been charged with motor vehicle homicide, the case would have ended in a plea a year and a half ago. That crime carries a lighter potential sentence.

Jennings said the prosecution instead chose to charge Pezzini under the law of manslaughter while operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol.

Pezzini’s blood alcohol content was somewhere between 0.306 and 0.325 percent an hour after the crash, when blood was drawn as he was treated for minor injuries. Jennings said Pezzini was too drunk to form the necessary intent required for manslaughter under the law.

The defense had one witness, Robert H. Powers, an assistant professor of forensic science and forensic toxicology at the University of New Haven.

Powers, who said he usually testifies for the prosecution, said Pezzini was too drunk to appropriately asses the risk his actions posed to himself and others.

Evidence was that a red light Pezzini ran just prior to the crash had been red for some time, and three other cars had pulled onto Route 20 at Delmont Avenue ahead of Matyseck’s Toyota Tacoma truck when they had a green light.

Powers said Pezzini, in the crash shortly after 7:30 p.m., was too drunk to process the information that his light was red and cars were entering the road on their green light.

State Trooper Thomas Fisk testified there were no skid marks indicating Pezzini tried to stop, and that a store surveillance camera that captured the crash showed Pezzini’s Volkswagen Passat did not have brake lights on.

Assistant District Attorney James M. Forsyth said Pezzini was charged with manslaughter while under the influence of liquor because his actions went beyond negligence, which is allowed as a reason for conviction under the crime of motor vehicle homicide.

He said the manslaughter charge here alleged Pezzini committed the crime with reckless behavior, not just negligence.

Pezzini, in addition to being found guilty of the manslaughter count, was convicted of leaving the scene of a personal injury accident. Prosecutors said he ran into another car in Westfield before he drove to the intersection where the fatal crash happened.

Charlotte Oleksak testified she was hit from behind by a car on Route 20. She said she got out and approached the driver, who would not answer her questions and stayed in the car.

“I said, ‘You are drunk, get out of the car,'” she said.

Pezzini asked her to move her car out of the road, but instead of pulling over when she did that, he drove off and shortly thereafter hit Matyseck’s truck.

Sabrina Liberty, testifying through tears, said she was in her car when she saw Pezzini collide with the truck, spinning it around and landing it in front of her car.

She went to check on the truck’s driver and saw the side “all smashed in.”

The penalty for motor vehicle homicide while under the influence of an intoxicating substance is much less than for manslaughter while driving under the influence of alcohol.

State law sets the penalty for motor vehicle homicide while under the influence of alcohol at state prison for not less than two and one-half years or more than 15 years, or a house of correction sentence of not less than one year nor more than two and one-half years.

The defendant previously was known as Ryan Pasquini-Pezzini, but his lawyer told Mason his name is now formally Ryan Pezzini.