Belfast man punched himself in the face to try to dodge OUI charge, police say

Waldo County Jail via AP | BDN
This booking photo released by the Waldo County Jail in Maine shows Brian Fogg, who’s accused of punching himself in the face to avoid a sobriety breath test. Fogg, who’s free on bail, was charged in Belfast, Maine, with drunken driving, falsifying physical evidence and criminal mischief.

BELFAST, Maine — Faced with the prospect of a Breathalyzer test, a Belfast man who police suspected of drunken driving decided to punch himself repeatedly in the face.

Brian Fogg, 27, was charged with operating under the influence anyway, in addition to criminal mischief and falsifying physical evidence.

On Jan. 13, police were called to a house on Waterville Road where Fogg’s vehicle was stuck in a ditch. Fogg and the homeowner got into an argument, during which Fogg struck and dented the homeowner’s car, according to Belfast police.

Officers arrived and suspected Fogg was intoxicated. After Fogg failed a field sobriety test, they brought him to the jail and took him to the room that contains the Breathalyzer machine, according to Detective Sgt. Gerry Lincoln. Officers were explaining the testing process and Fogg’s choices, which included the option to decline to take the test.

Then Fogg punched himself in the face multiple times, according to police.

“He took that option, which wasn’t one of the ones we gave to him,” Lincoln said Friday, adding that it’s extremely unusual for suspects to injure themselves to get out of a test that they could have just declined to take. “We took that as a refusal to take the test,” Lincoln added.

Police called off the test, instead treating Fogg for his self-inflicted injuries. Fogg also refused to allow police to test his blood. Officers believed they had enough evidence by that point, based on the field sobriety test results and Fogg’s own behavior and statements, to charge Fogg with OUI anyway.

Dancing Dayton police officer faces OVI charges

UPDATE @ 4:15 p.m. (Jan. 19):

Dayton police said Jermar Rayford “is currently on restricted duty pending the outcome of an OVI case in Greene County. The Dayton Police Department’s Professional Standards Bureau is also conducting an independent administrative investigation into the matter,” following a traffic stop, where he was cited for OVI.

RELATED: Meet Dayton’s whipping, nae-naeing cop

The department’s statement comes after this news agency requested a status on his employment with the department following the Jan. 12 incident.

RELATED: Dayton officer’s plea – ‘I bleed just like you’

Rayford garnered national attention and also was given credit for helping improve police and community relations after dancing during a community festival in the Oregon District.  Videos of his dance moves were shared across social media.


Dayton Police Officer Jermar Rayford appeared in court this week on an OVI charge stemming from a traffic stop in Greene County just after 2 a.m. on Jan. 12.

According to documents from Fairborn Municipal Court, Rayford, 25, was driving a black 2017 Dodge bearing Florida license tags when he was stopped by an Ohio State Highway Patrol trooper on eastbound Col. Glenn Boulevard near Presidential Drive in Beavercreek.

2 former Milwaukee Co. prosecutors charged in cover-up of suspicious case dismissal

MILWAUKEE — A pair of former Milwaukee County Assistant District Attorneys (ADAs) each face a charge of misdemeanor attempted misconduct. They are accused of mishandling a case — and then dropping the charges to cover themselves. The accused are Kristin Schrank and Antoni Apollo.

According to the criminal complaint, Schrank, then an assistant district attorney who worked in sensitive crimes, was assigned to be the “Duty DA” one weekend in July 2017. The “Duty DA” carries a county-issued cellphone to “answer questions and assist law enforcement during the non-business hours of the DA’s office.”

Kristin Schrank, Antoni Apollo

On Sunday, July 16, an officer with the Fox Point Police Department was involved in the arrest of a person for operating while intoxicated and obstructing an officer. That officer contacted the Duty DA “for advice on whether to obtain a search warrant for (suspect’s) blood.” The officer called the Duty DA number and a male, later identified as Antoni Apollo, answered the phone. Apollo advised the officer to seek a search warrant for the blood. When the officer asked who she was speaking to, the complaint says Apollo told the officer “he was an intern in the Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office” and provided the name of an intern who was working in the office at the time.

Antoni Apollo

Records show Apollo had worked as an assistant district attorney in the Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office and had prosecuted homicide cases. The problem is Apollo left the DA’s office in March 2017.

“He was a rising star in the Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office and he left there for reasons he knows that aren’t really publicized,” said Frank Gimbel, a longtime Milwaukee defense attorney.

Chief Deputy District Attorney Kent Lovern said Wednesday that Schrank resigned from the office in October. Lovern said the DA’s office had no further comment on the pending case. Fox Point Police also declined to comment for this story.

Within a few days of the original suspect’s arrest, a captain with the Fox Point Police Department tried to contact Schrank to make sure his officers called the right person. He was also curious because the report listed a “district attorney intern” as the source of advice. The captain left messages for Schrank to confirm the advice. A couple of days later, she returned the call and “explained to him that she was in the shower and that it was a friend who had answered the phone for her.” Schrank however, “did not name her friend who had answered the phone.”

When investigators questioned the intern named by the officer, he denied answering the Duty DA phone on July 16, 2017 and told them he wasn’t with Schrank.

Kristin Schrank

The complaint indicates a Fox Point city attorney, handling the OWI – first offense part of the case, then reached out to Schrank and “asked whether it was normal practice for an intern to give advice.” Schrank allegedly told him it was not an intern who gave the legal advice but did not say who did give the advice.

Schrank later justified the dismissal of the case against the original suspect “because the (suspect’s) defense attorney laid out the anticipated defense.” She told Fox Point police the suspect “had preexisting medical conditions, that his injuries required an overnight stay in the hospital, and the defense had a witness to say that the officer did not use proper use of force protocols.” It was also at that time that Schrank told the city attorney that Apollo was the one who had taken the initial call.

A search warrant for the case revealed that Schrank allegedly also told a Fox Point officer that the excessive force claims would be an issue because “Milwaukee County juries don’t like cops.” The internal investigator wrote that he viewed video of the arrest and found nothing improper, adding the suspect resisted arrest before falling and hitting his head on the pavement. His BAC results later came back at a level of 0.34, more than four times the legal limit.

Antoni Apollo

The investigation into Schrank and Apollo led to a review of text messages between the two. The complaint details an exchange of messages on July 16, 2017 in which Schrank asked Apollo “if he would take the duty phone overnight if it is busy at the restaurant where Schrank works part-time. Apollo agreed.”

That evening, the complaint indicates Schrank messaged Apollo saying he missed a call on the duty phone and asked him to “deal with it ASAP.” Apollo allegedly texted back that he “dealt with it.” However, the complaint says Apollo also messaged, “they demanded a name. I panicked. I said I was an intern.” He clarified saying “he was not home at the time of the call but on his motorcycle after leaving the restaurant that night.”

Three days later, Schrank sent the following messages to Apollo, according to the criminal complaint.

“I’m freaking out.”

“There’s false info in affidavit and [F.M.] has case and told me about it.”

“I didn’t handle it well this morning. I just acted like Fox Point is crazy.”

“and doesn’t know what they are talking about”

“What’s my excuse for taking OWI-1 and resisting?”

The complaint says Apollo replied as follows:

“Because you talked it through them.”

“U need to get this situation under constrol”

“Take the file and read what they said”

“Before [F.M.] starts talking”

“It’s a crappy case.””No process it”

“Say its too circumstantial”

“U need to get it before u leave.”

After a couple of brief calls between Schrank and Apollo, Schrank texted Apollo the following, according to the complaint:

“It’s dismissed.”

“It’s going to come out and look like I did it/lied. And got rid of a criminal case to cover my own (expletive).”

Kristin Schrank

FOX6 News went to the homes of both Schrank and Apollo, but no one answered the door.

“Here’s a person who is not a public official, and yet, he’s accused of attempted misconduct in office,” Gimbel said.

Gimbel says the misdemeanor charge for each defendant, and the fact Apollo was charged with attempted misconduct even though he was longer an ADA, makes him wonder if a plea deal is already in place.

“It gives rise to the question of whether or not these cases are going to be defended by the accused two lawyers or if what we see is something that grew out of a negotiated resolution of the charges,” Gimbel said.

If either Schrank or Apollo are convicted on the charge, they face up to nine months in prison and $10,000 in fines. Both are expected in court for their initial appearances on Thursday, Feb. 1.

Neither the Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office nor the Fox Point Police Department would comment for this story.

2 former Milwaukee Co. prosecutors charged in cover-up of suspicious case dismissal

Libertarian presidential candidate Adam Kokesh arrested in North Texas

A Libertarian presidential candidate and prominent activist was arrested in North Texas earlier this week.

Adam Kokesh, who filed paperwork last week to run for president, was arrested Tuesday on U.S. 380 by highway patrol in Wise County, roughly 300 miles north of San Antonio, said Wise County Sheriff Lane Akin.

He was charged with possession of marijuana, tampering with evidence and multiple counts of being in possession of a controlled substance, Akin said. He is being held at the Wise County Jail on a $76,500 bond.

A video posted on Kokesh’s Facebook page shows him getting pulled over while in an RV with a dog after officers said the temporary tag on his vehicle was expired. He received a warning ticket.

Gary Johnson Rules Out 2020 Presidential Run
After running as the Libertarian Party’s presidential nominee in both the 2012 and 2016 elections, Gary Johnson says to count him out for 2020. Veuer’s Elizabeth Keatinge (@elizkeatinge) has the details.

After running as the Libertarian Party’s presidential nominee in both the 2012 and 2016 elections, Gary Johnson says to count him out for 2020. Veuer’s Elizabeth Keatinge (@elizkeatinge) has the details.


Kokesh was pulled over a second time for speeding, according to the video posted. During the second stop, Kokesh is asked to step out of his RV and asked for the vehicle’s insurance, the video shows. In the video, Kokesh refuses to leave his vehicle and the officer asks him questions outside of the RV.

The officer says he had to check if the RV was stolen and proceeds to pat Kokesh down for any weapons. After giving Kokesh a warning for speeding, the officers search the RV and say their K9 “did alert,” the video shows.

Kokesh released a statement from jail and said his arrest was unlawful.

“It is a sign of strength of the freedom movement that the government is resorting to such drastic tactics to keep libertarians out of the debate,” he said.

Kokesh is a military veteran and prominent activist in the Libertarian community who has previously run for Congress and faced charges. Online, supporters have called for his release and are awaiting updates.

A post on the website steemit says the jail has refused to give Kokesh a blanket.

The Federal Election Commission has two filings made by an Adam Kokesh in 2018 and 2017 as a Libertarian for president. Both filings were made in Indianapolis, Indiana and the 2018 filing was made on Jan. 13, according to FEC records.

An email and Twitter direct message sent to the Kokesh campaign was not immediately returned.

Dennis Rodman to check into rehab, will likely get jail time for DUI arrest, attorney says

Dennis Rodman was arrested on suspicion of DUI in California on Saturday.

Former NBA star Dennis Rodman is heading to rehab as one expert said jail time for his weekend DUI bust seems like a slam dunk.

The eccentric Hall of Famer was arrested for DUI in Newport Beach, Calif., late Saturday while still on probation for driving the wrong way on a freeway in 2016.

Rodman will check into a rehab center by the middle of the week, his agent and longtime friend Darren Prince told the Daily News on Monday.

“He’s been dealing with some personal stuff for the past month and a half, two months, much more than usual, and I told him, this gives him an opportunity to shut it down,” Prince told the Daily News. “I’ve told him, ‘put yourself into a rehab center and find out why this is happening. Get to the underlying root.’”

Dennis Rodman, NBA legend and Kim Jong Un’s pal, arrested for DUI

One expert in California DUI law said Rodman’s judge will have little choice but to impose jail time or house arrest since the court already cut him a break with his no-jail probation deal for his wrong-way driving case.

“Assuming the allegations are true and he was driving impaired, there’s absolutely no question in my mind he’s going to receive some custodial time. The real question is how creative does his lawyer get in working with the court,” DUI attorney Trent Copeland, who is not representing Rodman, told The News.

“He’s likely to get some jail time, and I expect there will be an additional component including time spent in rehab,” Copeland said. “Either way, there’s going to be a component where he is going to be not free to leave.”

Rodman’s lawyer, Paul Meyer, said it was too soon to forecast outcomes.

“The case is unfolding, so predictions are premature,” Meyer said in a statement to The News.

“Dennis is getting on a positive treatment track to address this. He is very cooperative,” the lawyer said.

Rodman, 56, was pulled over for a traffic violation late Saturday and failed a field sobriety test, police said.

The rebound champ who won five NBA titles — two with the Detroit Pistons in 1989 and 1990 and three with the Chicago Bulls in 1996, 1997 and 1998 — submitted to a Breathalyzer test and blew over the .08 legal limit, cops said.

He was released from custody Sunday morning.

At the time of his arrest, Rodman was on probation for driving his Range Rover the wrong way in carpool lane on the I-5 Freeway in southern California in June 2016.

He allegedly drove head-on toward another vehicle, causing the driver to swerve and crash into a concrete wall.

Under his plea deal last year, Rodman pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges of driving the wrong way on a divided California highway, providing false information to an officer and driving without a valid license.

Orange County prosecutors dropped the more serious hit-and-run charge.

Rodman was sentenced to three years of probation, 30 hours of community service and victim restitution.

Prince said Rodman’s alleged problems might be worsened by his professional success.

Rodman’s issue, according to Prince, is that he’s still popular and financially viable — and may not feel like he’s hit the proverbial rock bottom.

“When he still makes money and he’s still desirable to different company and brands, it’s hard,” he said. “What Dennis has, whatever is left in his marketability, forget that he’s going to be 57 — most retired athletes at 37 don’t have the opportunities he has.”

Scientists call for lowering drunk driving threshold

WASHINGTON — Most women would need to draw the line at two drinks, and men at two or three if states follow a blueprint by a prestigious scientific panel for eliminating the “entirely preventable” 10,000 alcohol-impaired driving deaths in the United States each year.

The U.S. government-commissioned report by a panel of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine made multiple recommendations, including significantly lowering drunken driving thresholds. It calls for lowering the blood-alcohol concentration threshold from 0.08 to 0.05. All states have 0.08 thresholds. A Utah law passed last year that lowers the state’s threshold to 0.05 doesn’t go into effect until Dec. 30.

The amount of alcohol required to reach 0.05 would depend on several factors, including the person’s size and whether the person has recently eaten. The report cites studies indicating most women over 120 pounds would reach 0.05 after two drinks. Men weighing up to about 160 pounds would likely reach the lower threshold at two, and those over 180 pounds at three.

The panel, in its 489-page report, also recommended that states significantly increase alcohol taxes and make alcohol less conveniently available, including reducing the hours and days alcohol is sold in stores, bars and restaurants. Research suggests a doubling of alcohol taxes could lead to an 11 percent reduction in traffic crash deaths, the report said.

It also calls for cracking down on sales to people under 21 or who are already intoxicated to discourage binge drinking, and putting limits on alcohol marketing while funding anti-alcohol campaigns similar to those against smoking.

All the proposals are likely to draw fierce opposition from the alcohol and restaurant industries. The American Beverage Institute took out full-page newspaper ads opposing Utah’s new law that featured a fake mugshot under a large headline reading, “Utah: Come for vacation, leave on probation.”

The recommendation in the academies’ report for lowering the blood-alcohol threshold would “do nothing to deter” repeat offenders and drivers with high blood-alcohol levels, who represent the “vast majority” of alcohol-impaired driving deaths, the Distilled Spirits Council said in a statement. The council said it also doesn’t support the report’s recommendations for “tax increases and advertising bans, which will have little or no impact on traffic safety.”

The report points out that “alcohol-impaired driving remains the deadliest and costliest danger on U.S. roads,” accounting for 28 percent of traffic deaths. Each day, 29 people in the U.S. die in alcohol-related crashes and many more are injured. Forty percent of those killed are people other than the drunken driver.

Rural areas are disproportionately affected. In 2015, 48 percent of drunken driving fatalities occurred in rural areas.

The report says many strategies have been effective to prevent drunken driving, but “a coordinated multilevel approach across multiple sectors will be required to accelerate change.”

“The problem isn’t intractable,” the report said.

From the early 1980s to the early 2000s, there was significant progress as the result of an increase in the drinking age to 21, decreases in the blood-alcohol threshold, and other measures, the report said. But since then, progress has stagnated and recently has begun to reverse.

Action to address drunken driving can’t wait for the advent of self-driving cars immune to the lures of a cold beer or a fine wine — it will take too long for autonomous vehicles to replace all the human-driven machines on the road, said the panel’s chairman, Steven Teutsch, a senior fellow for health policy and economics at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.

“In the meantime, we have 10,000 people a year dying and we ought to do something about it,” he said.

The report cites studies that show the United States lags behind other high-income countries in preventing drunken driving fatalities. More than 100 countries have adopted the lower 0.05 threshold. In Europe, the share of traffic deaths attributable to drunken driving was reduced by more than half within 10 years after the standard was dropped, the National Transportation Safety Board said in 2013. The safety board has also recommended the 0.05 threshold.

Alcoholic beverages have changed significantly over the past 25 years. “They are more affordable, of far greater variety, and more widely advertised and promoted than in earlier periods,” the report said. The lack of consistency in serving sizes and the combination of alcohol with caffeine and energy drinks make it harder for drinkers to estimate their level of impairment.

The report was commissioned by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which asked the academies to determine which strategies for reducing drunken driving have been proven effective.

Assistant District Attorney arrested for OUI

SHREWSBURY, Mass. – A Bolton man was arrested on Monday evening for driving under the influence of alcohol with a minor inside the vehicle.

State Police responded to a call from a driver reporting that an Audi A6 was being operated in a highly erratic manner on Route 290 Westbound in Shrewsbury.

Trooper Gregory Zanni from the Holden Barracks responded to the call and observed the man commit multiple motor vehicle violations, including swerving between lanes.

The driver, identified as John A. O’Leary, 48, was questioned by Trooper O’Leary and asked to undergo a field sobriety test.

The trooper then determined the man was in fact operating under the influence of alcohol and transported him to the Holden Barracks.

At the station, O’Leary was charged with an OUI for liquor, child endangerment while operating a motor vehicle under the influence of liquor, negligent operation of a motor vehicle, marked lanes violation, resisting arrest and disorderly conduct.

The vehicle was towed from the scene and the Audi’s passenger, a 13-year-old girl, was safely transported home.

O’Leary was eventually bailed from the station on a $40 bail fee and was scheduled to be arraigned at the Westborough District Court on Tuesday.

O’Leary has been suspended without pay and his case will now be handled by they Hampden County District Attorney’s Office.

Police seek good Samaritan who assisted officer being strangled by intoxicated suspect

Wednesday, April 23, 2017, marked the first day of operations at 2780 Boston Road, the new home of the Wilbraham Police Department. The phone number for the new station is the same as it was for the old station: 413-596-3837. Here's a quick look at the new station and the old facility. (CONOR BERRY / THE REPUBLICAN) 

WILBRAHAM – Police are seeking to identify a man who assisted Wilbraham officers with the arrest of a violent and intoxicated suspect Friday night.

Police pulled over Derek Dalessio, of Wilbraham, on Old Boston Road around 7:23 p.m., for a number of motor vehicle infractions and discovered that he was impaired.

When police attempted to arrest him “a violent struggle ensued” that led to an officer being placed in a headlock by Dalessio, police said.

The officer was “unable to breath,” and a second officer’s attempts to incapacitate Dalessio by hitting him multiple times with a baton had “little to no effect,” police said.

It was at that time that a good Samaritan apparently got out of his own car and put Dalessio in a headlock, allowing the officer being assaulted to get free and then assist with the arrest.

“He saw what was happening and stepped in,” said Sgt. Mark Paradise of the Wilbraham Police Department, of the man.

“WPD sends a HUGE THANK YOU to this unnamed party who potentially stopped what could have transpired into a fatal encounter,” the Wilbraham Police Department said in a statement over social media.

“WPD would appreciate it if you could make yourself known to us,” the statement reads, while also acknowledging that the man who assisted might want to remain anonymous.

Paradise said that both officers involved in the arrest were not seriously injured.

Dalessio now faces a long list of charges:

Drunk drivers could lose snowmobile, boat privileges

BROWN COUNTY, Wis. (WBAY) Lawmakers say it’s time to stop enabling drunk drivers by changing a law that currently considers drunk driving, drunk boating and operating snowmobiles or ATVs or UTVs impaired, all as separate offenses.

Cropped Photo James Palinsad Flickr CC BY-SA 2.0

It’s a problem Target 2 Investigates first told you about last year, where we found 30 percent of the people arrested in Northeast Wisconsin for boating under the influence also had records for OWI on our roadways.

Several of those people had third or fourth offense OWIs, but the violations for operating any of those recreational vehicles while drunk aren’t considered the same thing and don’t increase penalties.

Now lawmakers are trying to change that.

“People are not really going to see significant penalties, and people are aware of that. Unfortunately, there are people that game the system. They know what the rules are,” says Representative Andre Jacgue, a republican from De Pere.

Jacque says current OWI laws are not only not working in favor of victims, he says there are people who downright try to outsmart the system because they can.

Take this example: if a person gets stopped a first time for OWI while operating a car, then another time operating a boat drunk, then a snowmobile, and an ATV or UTV, their record will reflect only one OWI for each, but all would remain a first offense.

“You could literally have four different OWI infractions without any of them counting as a repeat offense,” adds Jacque.

He and fellow republican Representative Cody Horlacher just introduced a bill making the law more consistent, counting every OWI in the last five years as the same, regardless of what you’re operating when you’re stopped.

Under the bill, if a person’s license to drive a motor vehicle has been suspended or revoked, they would also not be able to operate any of these other recreational vehicles or boats.

Right now they can, and Jacque says, often do.

“They’ll take those snowmobiles to the bar after they lose their driving privileges,” he says. “There’s still that same destructive potential, and certainly we’ve seen lives lost.”

Jacque has proposed similar legislation in the past and been met with strong push back, but he feels he has to keep trying for change.–469045883.html

Highway Patrol reports 5 crashes involving troopers in last month

HELENA – The Montana Highway Patrol posted on their Facebook page early on Saturday and said five troopers were involved in crashes that were not their fault just last month.

They reported that on Friday Major Lavin’s patrol car was almost side-swiped while he was out investigating another crash.

There were luckily no major injuries, but in some cases, the troopers were in their cars when they were struck.

MHP said these crashes were all caused by people driving irresponsibly.

Adding that people should be more concerned, If not for their safety but because it’s not just those involved in the crash that will pay for the damage.

These crashes cost the taxpayers thousands of dollars since now these vehicles need to either be fixed or replaced altogether. MHP said that there are easy ways to avoid these situations.

  • Have appropriate tires.
  • Slow down. Even if you’re traveling below the speed limit, it is best to slow down in certain weather conditions.
  • Follow at a greater distance.
  • Make sure your vehicle is cleaned off, and headlights are on to avoid limited visibility.
  • Never drive under the influence.
  • Stay home if law enforcement recommends it unless it is an emergency.
  • Buckle up and slow down for emergency vehicles.

Below is the post from Montana Highway Patrol’s Facebook page.

“It’s unfortunate that we have to report that, within the last month alone, five troopers have been involved in crashes through no fault of their own. In addition to the five crashes, Major Lavin’s patrol car was nearly side-swiped yesterday while he was at the scene investigating a crash (picture below).

In each of these cases, drivers were not driving appropriately for conditions. In some cases, our troopers were in the vehicle when it was struck. Thankfully, there were no serious injuries.

When crashes like this occur, everyone should be concerned, primarily, for the safety and security of themselves and everyone that they share the roadway with. Secondarily though, these senseless and avoidable crashes cost the tax payers money as thousands of dollars are being paid to repair, or in some cases, completely replace these vehicles.

We very deliberately use the word “crash” here because the word “accident” implies an event caused unexpectedly or by chance.

Crashing in winter conditions or sliding off the road is not an unexpected outcome if:

1. you’re driving too fast. Yes, driving the speed limit can be too fast for certain weather conditions.

2. your tires are bald or the tread is worn past legal limits.

3. you’re following too closely

4. you’re voluntarily taking the risk and driving in extreme weather conditions that emergency personnel have warned you to avoid. (Not talking about people who find themselves caught in a sudden storm or emergency situations).

5. You drive impaired. Ever. At any time.

What you can do to be the change:

1. Slow down!

2. Keep your vehicle street legal and in good condition

3. Increase your following distance

4. Turn on your headlights in inclement weather

5. Stay home if the roads are terrible and you don’t need to drive.

6. Slow down and move over for emergency vehicles (or any vehicle on the side of the road, really).

7. Buckle up!

When we all begin to take responsibility for the enormous privilege of operating a motor vehicle and hold ourselves and others to higher standards, change is possible.